Why Canberra always has the lowest office vacancy rate amongst Australian cities | Realestate Asia

Why Canberra always has the lowest office vacancy rate amongst Australian cities

Its vacancy rate was at 5.5% in Q1, one of the lowest in the world.

Australia’s CBD office markets experienced various levels of volatility during the pandemic. According to JLL, as organisations contracted and reassessed their space requirements, the blended Australian CBD vacancy rate increased from 8.3% in 4Q19 to 13.5% in 1Q22.

“The impact played out over 2020, with all Australian CBD markets recording a rise in the vacancy rate to varying degrees. The only exception to this trend was the Canberra office market, which recorded a decline in the total vacancy rate from 10.6% in 4Q19 to 8.2% in 4Q20,” said JLL’s Sophia Zhu.

Here’s more from JLL:

From 2020, the Canberra vacancy rate has continued to trend downwards at 5.5% in 1Q22. This vacancy rate is currently the second-lowest out of the 19 Australian office markets tracked by JLL Research and is one of the lowest in the world compared to other global cities. In addition, Canberra consistently has had the lowest vacancy rate compared to other Australian CBD markets, on average, in the four economic downturns highlighted in Figure 1.

We have calculated the standard deviation of historical vacancy in each CBD market to identify the volatility of Australian CBD office market vacancy rates. In the past three decades, the standard deviation across all Australian CBD markets was 0.042, while Canberra’s standard deviation was 0.036, the lowest among all CBD markets. Statistically, it means the variation of the Canberra vacancy rate over the past 30 years was well below the national average, highlighting the stability of the market.

What is the reason for this long-term stability? A key reason is the high proportion of occupancy of the public sector. In the latest Australian Government Office Occupancy Report, issued by the Department of Finance, approximately 62% of the Canberra office space was tenanted by the Commonwealth (Federal Government of Australia). The report highlighted that the public sector occupied 1.12 million sqm of usable office area across 159 government tenancies in Canberra. It is close to the total size of the Adelaide CBD office market (1.44 million sqm).

Furthermore, in 2021 we also recorded demand from the private sector starting to pick up, especially from government contractors. Some notable leases of last year included SRC Australia expanding into 38 Sydney Avenue, Barton (1,800 sqm), and Cybercx leasing 1,100 sqm in 68 Northbourne Avenue, City. This further supported a fall in the Canberra vacancy rate.

Moving forward, we are projecting to see an uplift in employment in the defence sector (according to government budget papers) as well as an expansion of the private sector. Based on Deloitte Access Economics employment forecasts, we have modelled the underlying demand for Canberra’s office space over the next five years based on the key white-collar employment sectors in Figure 3. Under the scenario of a 1:14 worker to space ratio, which is the targeted ratio in the public sector, it would imply a demand of 171,600 sqm of office space between 2022 and 2026.



Follow the links for more news on

Join Realestate Asia community
Since you're here...

...there are many ways you can work with us to advertise your company and connect to your customers. Our team can help you dight and create an advertising campaign, in print and digital, on this website and in print magazine.

We can also organize a real life or digital event for you and find thought leader speakers as well as industry leaders, who could be your potential partners, to join the event. We also run some awards programmes which give you an opportunity to be recognized for your achievements during the year and you can join this as a participant or a sponsor.

Let us help you drive your business forward with a good partnership!